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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch tradesman and scientist from Delft, Netherlands. He is best known for his work to improve the microscope. Using his handcrafted microscopes, he was the first to see and describe single celled organisms, ...

Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck

Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de la Marck, usually known as Lamarck, was a French soldier, naturalist and member of the French Academy. He was one of the first people to suggest that organisms changed in accordance with natural ...

Friedrich Mohs

Scientist Mohs was born in Germany. He was a minerologist who studied minerals, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. He moved to Austria in 1801 where he found a job identifying minerals in a collection that belonged to a rich banker. He used phy ...

Hypatia

Hypatia of Alexandria was a mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher. She lived around 370 - 415 C.E. Hypatia was the first noted women in mathematics, philosophy, and astronomy. She lead a philosophical movement called Neoplatonism. Neoplatoni ...

Cesare Emiliani

Cesare Emiliani was an Italian-American scientist, geologist, micropaleontologist, and founder of paleoceanography. He developed the timescale of marine isotope stages which is still used today. He established that the ice ages of the last half m ...

Susumu Ohno

Susumu Ohno was a Japanese geneticist and evolutionary biologist. He went to the United States in 1951 as a visiting scholar to UCLA. He later became a citizen of the USA.

Nikolai Tzvelev

Nikolai Nikolayevich Tzvelev 1925, Tambov - July 19, 2015, St. Petersburg) was a Russian botanist, a specialist in the field of systematics, floristry, morphology and evolution of vascular plants. He was a corresponding member of the Russian Acad ...

Alexander Oparin

Alexander Ivanovich Oparin was a Soviet biochemist. He was notable for his ideas on the origin of life, and for writing an early book The Origin of Life. One of his ideas was that oxygen would tend to destroy organic molecules essential for the e ...

Lev Vygotsky

Lev Vygotsky was a Russian psychologist. He worked on child development, play and language. He also developed a holistic theory of human cultural and biosocial development. Vygotskys early death to tuberculosis left many manuscripts. Sorting them ...

Tamaz V. Gamkrelidze

Tamaz V. Gamkrelidze was a Georgian linguist, orientalist and public benefactor, Academician and President of the Georgian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Sciences, Professor. Gamkrelidze was born in Kutaisi. His brother Revaz Gamkrelidze, was als ...

Raymond Dart

Raymond Arthur Dart was an Australian anatomist and anthropologist, who worked for much of his life in South Africa. In 1924 he discovered the first fossil of an Australopithecine, at Taung in Northwestern South Africa now Botswana. It was Austra ...

Christiaan Hendrik Persoon

Persoon was born in South Africa at the Cape of Good Hope. He was the third child of an immigrant Pomeranian father and Dutch mother. His mother died soon after he was born, at the age of thirteen his father who died a year later sent him to Euro ...

Kisamor

Kisamor, was a famous female doctor in Sweden. Her real name was Maria Jansson, but she was always called Kisamor. Kisamor means "The Mother in Kisa" in English, and Kisa was the place were she worked. She was a doctor before it was allowed for a ...

Conrad Gessner

Conrad Gessner was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. His five-volume Historiae animalium is a forerunner of modern zoology. The flowering plant genus Gesneria is named after him.

Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist. He is famous for his work with children and how they learn. He started a type of study called "genetic epistemology", which is about where knowledge comes from.

Pete Conrad

Charles "Pete" Conrad, Jr. was an American test pilot, aeronautical engineer and astronaut. During the Apollo 12 flight he became the third man to walk on the Moon. On August 21, 1965, Conrad flew into space as pilot of Gemini 5. This was the thi ...

William Harvey

William Harvey was an English medical doctor. He was born in Folkestone, Kent, England on 1 April 1573. He was the first to explain how blood was moved through the body by the heart. He died on 3 June 1657 in Roehampton. A hospital in Ashford, Ke ...

Robert Knox

Robert Knox was a Scottish anatomist, zoologist, ethnologist and doctor. He is best known for the Burke and Hare murders. Some of his work had controversy because he tried to prove that Anglo-Saxons were superior to other people.

Andreas Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius was a Flemish anatomist, physician, and author. He wrote one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica. Vesalius is often called the founder of modern human anatomy. Vesalius is the Latinized form ...

Carl Adolph Agardh

Agardh was born on 23 January 1785 in Båstad, a town in Scania Swedish: Skåne, Sweden. He began to study at Lund University in 1799. In 1807, Agardh became a teacher of mathematics at Lund. In 1812, he was appointed professor of botany and rural ...

Rembert Dodoens

Dodoens was born in Mechelen. In 1530 he began his studies in medicine, cosmography and geography at the University of Leuven. He graduated in 1535. He became a physician in Mechelen in 1538. He married Kathelijne De Bruyne in 1539. He had a shor ...

Robert Fortune

Robert Fortune was a Scottish plant expert, plant hunter and traveller best known for introducing tea plants from China to India.

Jacques Lambinon

Jacques Lambinon was a Belgian botanist. He was a professor at the University of Liege and member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium. He is the main author of the New Flora of Belgium, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg ...

Pierre-Joseph Redoute

Pierre-Joseph Redoute was a painter and botanist from the Southern Netherlands. He is known for his watercolours of roses, lilies and other flowers. He was nicknamed "the Raphael of flowers" and has been called the greatest botanical illustrator ...

Nicolai Stepanowitsch Turczaninow

Nicolai Stepanowitsch Turczaninow was a Russian botanist. He was born in Nikitovka, in the south of European Russia near the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv. He first identified several genera and many species of plants. Several species have been named ...

John Gould Veitch

John Gould Veitch was an expert on plants and growing plants, he was also a traveller and one of the first Victorian British plant experts to visit Japan to look for and collect new plants. He was a great-grandson of John Veitch, the founder of t ...

Nikolai Vavilov

Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov was a Russian botanist and geneticist. He is best known for showing how and where crop plants evolved. He devoted his life to agriculture: the study and improvement of wheat, corn, and other cereal crops. By 1940, Vavilo ...

Carl Correns

Carl Erich Correns was a German botanist and geneticist. His research into heredity led to his rediscovery of Gregor Mendels earlier work. Hugo de Vries also – independently – rediscovered Gregor Mendels work on genetics. Erich von Tschermaks sta ...

Anton de Bary

Heinrich Anton de Bary was a German surgeon, botanist, microbiologist, and mycologist. He is considered a founding father of plant pathology phytopathology as well as the founder of modern mycology. His extensive and careful studies of the life h ...

Maurice Hilleman

Maurice Ralph Hilleman was an American microbiologist. He specialized in vaccinology. He developed over 36 vaccines, more than any other scientist. Of the 14 vaccines currently recommended, he developed eight: those for measles, mumps, hepatitis ...

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur was a French microbiologist and chemist. He and his wife, Marie, are best known for their experiments supporting the germ theory of disease, and he is also known for his vaccinations, most notably the first vaccine against rabies.

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist and anthropologist. He was one of the first to explore the study of mankind as an aspect of natural history. He used comparative anatomy to classify human races, of whic ...

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, usually called Buffon, was a French naturalist. He was also a mathematician, cosmologist and encyclopedic author. His collected information influenced the next two generations of naturalists, including Jean ...

James Hutton

James Hutton MD was a Scottish geologist, physician, naturalist, chemist and experimental farmer. Hutton studied in medicine, but never practised it. Instead, he did scientific research, helped to start a chemical industry, and farmed his estate. ...

Benoit de Maillet

Benoit de Maillet was a well-travelled French diplomat and naturalist. He was French consul general at Cairo, and overseer in the Levant. He formulated an evolutionary hypothesis to explain the Earth and its contents. Maillets geological observat ...

Bernhard Rensch

Bernhard Rensch was a German evolutionary biologist, and ornithologist who did field work in Indonesia and India. He is probably best known as one of the architects of the modern evolutionary synthesis, which he popularised in Germany. His work o ...

William Benjamin Carpenter

William Benjamin Carpenter MD MRCS CB FRS was an English physician, invertebrate zoologist and physiologist. He was instrumental in the early stages of the unified University of London. Carpenter was born on 29 Oct 1813 in Exeter, the eldest son ...

Pierre-Simon Laplace

Pierre-Simon Laplace, later Marquis de Laplace, was a French mathematician and astronomer. His work helped to develop mathematical astronomy and statistics. His five volume Mecanique Celeste Celestial Mechanics 1799–1825 was a key work. In it, he ...

Jan Oort

Jan Hendrik Oort FRS was a Dutch astronomer. Oort made significant contributions to understanding the Milky Way, and was a pioneer in the field of radio astronomy. His New York Times obituary called him" one of the centurys foremost explorers of ...

George Gaylord Simpson

George Gaylord Simpson was an American paleontologist. Simpson was perhaps the most influential paleontologist of the twentieth century, and a major participant in the modern evolutionary synthesis. He was an expert on extinct mammals and their m ...

Ambroise Pare

Ambroise Pare was an important French surgeon of the 16th century. He caused a major change in how medicine was practiced. Unlike surgeons before him, he cared about his patients. He worked to promote healing and minimize a patients pain. His sai ...

Daniel Hale Williams

Daniel Hale Williams was an African-American general surgeon. In 1893 he was the second surgeon to successfully repair a heart wound.

Geoffrey Burbidge

Geoffrey Burbidge was an English astrophysicist. For many years he was professor at the University of California, San Diego. In 1957 he published a famous paper, together with three other physicists, about the origin of elements. Many scientists ...

Hans Geiger

Johannes Wilhelm "Hans" Geiger was a German physicist. He is perhaps best known as the co-inventor of the detector component of the Geiger counter and for the Geiger–Marsden experiment which discovered the atomic nucleus. Geiger was born at Neust ...

J. Robert Oppenheimer

Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American physicist of Jewish descent. He is best known as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project. In World War II, the project built the first nuclear weapons. That is why Oppenheimer is called "the fath ...

Tony Skyrme

Tony Hilton Royle Skyrme was a British scientist who worked on the atom. He was born in Lewisham, a suburb of London. His father was a bank clerk. He first went to a school in Lewisham, but was so good at maths that he was given a free place at t ...

Joseph-Louis Lagrange

Joseph-Louis Lagrange was a mathematician and astronomer. According to one authority, he was "the greatest mathematician of the eighteenth century". He lived part of his life in Prussia and part in France. He made significant contributions to mat ...

Henri Poincare

Jules Henri Poincare was a French mathematician and scientist. He was described as a "monster of mathematics when still a child. Many people think he was the last person to understand all branches of mathematics before the subject became too big ...

Henry Walter Bates

Henry Walter Bates was an English biologist who explored the Amazon Rainforest. This naturalist and explorer gave the first scientific account of mimicry in animals. Batesian mimicry is named after him. He was most famous for his expedition to th ...

William Bateson

William Bateson was a British zoologist, a Fellow of St. Johns College, Cambridge University. He was the first person to use the term genetics to describe the study of heredity, and the chief populariser of the ideas of Gregor Mendel, after their ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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