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Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a metabolic disorder where high levels of blood sugar occur. Left untreated, it can cause heart attacks, strokes, blindness and kidney failure.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin disease that causes the skin to lose its color. It occurs when the melanocytes, cells that give skin their color, die or do not work. This is a problem because these cells protect against the light from the sun.

Osteogenesis imperfecta

Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder. It is commonly called brittle bone disease. It is an autosomal dominant disease, which means a person can get if only one of their parents has the abnormal gene. OI affects the part of the bones call ...

Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease

Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease or CJD is a neurological disease. It is degenerative, it cannot be cured, and it always causes death. CJD is sometimes called a human form of "mad cow disease". BSE is actually a cause of one rare type of Creutzfeldt–Jak ...

Diffuse axonal injury

Diffuse axonal injury is one of the most common forms of traumatic brain injury. In traumatic brain injury, the damage is focused to one area of the brain, in diffuse axonal injury, the damage occurs over a larger area of the brain. DAI mainly da ...

Intracranial hemorrhage

An intracranial hemorrhage is bleeding in the brain. The most dangerous type of stroke, a hemorrhagic stroke, is a type of intracranial hemorrhage. It is a bleed in the brain that happens when the brain has not been injured. When blood vessels in ...

Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration

Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration or Hallervorden Spatz disease is a rare disease primarily characterized by extrapyramidal symptoms and dementia, or extreme forgetfullness. Hallervorden-Spatz disease is degenerative brain disease, ...

Diabetes mellitus

There is another disease that is unrelated to diabetes mellitus, called diabetes insipidus Diabetes is a condition that results from lack of the hormone insulin in a persons blood, or when the body has a problem using the insulin it produces. The ...

Latent autoimmune diabetes

Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults is similar to both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Like type 1 diabetes, LADA is an autoimmune disease of the pancreas. This means the bodys immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that are suppos ...

Type 1 diabetes

Diabetes mellitus type 1, also called type 1 diabetes, is an autoimmune disease that results in high blood sugar. This is because the body cannot create enough of the hormone insulin. People with this condition are insulin dependent - they requir ...

Ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy is a when an embryo implants itself outside the uterus. In a normal pregnancy, the embryo implants itself into the wall of the uterus. The uterus is the only place in the body where an embryo can grow into a fetus. Most ectop ...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a sickness when endometrium cells of the uterus grow outside the uterus. As many as 11% of American women between 15 and 44 years-old may have this sickness. It is most common in women 30-40 years-old. Having endometriosis can ma ...

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection. It is an infection of the female organs: Ovaries. Fallopian tubes. Uterus. Cervix. Sometimes the woman does not feel sick. The signs of being sick with this sickness can be: Vaginal discharge. A ...

Tubo-ovarian abscess

A tubo-ovarian abscess is an infection of the female ovary and fallopian tube. It is a pus-filled ovary and Fallopian tube that is filled with infection. This type of abscess is caused by an untreated sexually transmitted disease. It can be a com ...

Ehlers–Danlos syndrome

Ehlers–Danlos syndrome is a rare genetic connective tissue disorder. There is no cure. The symptoms include unusually stretchy skin, double-jointedness, flat feet, joint pain, as well as early onset arthritis. More rare and severe forms of the co ...

Pedestrian scramble

A pedestrian scramble, or X crossing is also known as a diagonal crossing, Barnes dance, or scramble intersection / scramble corner. It is a type of crossing which temporarily stops all traffic. This lets pedestrians cross an intersection in ever ...

Stop sign

The stop sign is a sign that is often placed at crossroads, when a road does not have traffic lights. This sign instructs the drivers to stop when they reach the crossroad and wait for other vehicles to pass. They can only proceed when the road i ...

Chess

Chess is a board game for two players. It is played in a square board, made of 64 smaller squares, with eight squares on each side. Each player starts with sixteen pieces: eight pawns, two knights, two bishops, two rooks, one queen and one king. ...

Cafe de la Regence

The Cafe de la Regence was a meeting place for chess players in Paris, France. It was the most famous chess meeting-place for over a century. The building was a coffeehouse in the centre of Paris, founded in 1688 and named in 1718. At first, it w ...

Castling

Castling is a special move in chess that uses both a rook and the king. In castling, the king is moved two squares toward the rook, and the rook moves past the king to the square right next to where the king has moved. Castling takes one move, an ...

Check and checkmate

Check is a term in chess when a players king is attacked. If the king is in check, the player must find a way to stop the threat, he can not just ignore it. The player must do one of these things: Interpose: put a piece between the checking piece ...

Chess boxing

Chess boxing is a mixed sport which puts together the sport of boxing with games of chess in every other round. Chess boxing fights have been done since early 2003. The sport was started when Dutch artist Iepe Rubingh, given the idea by a similar ...

Chess master titles

A Master in chess is a player who is awarded a master title by the world chess organisation FIDE, or by a national chess organisation. The term was used for a long time to describe someone who was accepted as an expert player, but it now has an o ...

Chess rating system

A chess rating system is a system used in chess to estimate the strength of a player, based on his performance against other players. They are used by all national chess organisations, and by FIDE, the International Chess Federation. In these sys ...

ChessBase

ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software. It also has a chess news website, and uses a server for online chess. Set up in 1998, it builds and sells large databases, with up to three million games, classified in various ways. ...

Endgame (chess)

The endgame in chess is the part of the game when there are few pieces left on the board. Alternatively, endgames begin when the middlegame is over, and kings are relatively safe.

FIDE

FIDE is the world chess organisation. All national federations are members. It decides matters like World Championships and changes in rules of the game. FIDE was founded on 20 July 1924 in Paris, France. However, it had little influence until th ...

First-move advantage

The first-move advantage in chess is the advantage of the player who makes the first move in chess. Statistics of results on chess databases include almost all published games since 1851. In all forms of statistics, White scores better than Black ...

History of chess

The history of chess goes back almost 1500 years. The game originated in northern India in the 6th century AD and spread to Persia. When the Arabs conquered Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and subsequently, through the Moorish conq ...

Hypermodern

The hypermoderns were a school of chess players who set out to rethink some of the principles of chess openings. The name was given to them by the Polish-French grandmaster Tartakower. The key idea was, in reaction to the older ideas of Siegbert ...

Middlegame

The middlegame is the part of a game of chess after the opening. The middlegame begins when most of the pieces have been developed. It is where most games are won and lost. Many games will end in resignation even before an endgame takes place. Th ...

Prophylaxis (chess)

Prophylaxis is a term in chess, as well as being a general idea. It was introduced by the grandmaster Aaron Nimzovich in his book My system in the 1920s. The term refers to actions taken by a player to anticipate and thwart the opponents plans, a ...

Stalemate

Stalemate is a situation in chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move. When stalemate occurs, the game is a draw. Actual stalemate is rare, but the threat of stalemate has a big effect on endgame play. ...

Zugzwang

Zugzwang is a chess term. It means a situation where any move by a player will weaken the players position. The fact that the player is compelled to move means that their position will become significantly weaker. For example. Black to play 1. Kd ...

Contract bridge

Contract bridge, or simply bridge, is a trick-taking card game which is played by two pairs of players, one pair against the other pair. Partners sit opposite each other at a table. Millions of people play bridge worldwide in clubs, tournaments, ...

Ely Culbertson

Ely Culbertson was an American contract bridge player, entrepreneur and personality. He was the dominant figure in the game in the 1930s. He played and publicized the new game. He was a great showman, and was widely regarded as "the man who made ...

Poker

Poker is a game which people play with a normal set of 52 cards. Poker is a gambling game which involves some luck, but also some skill. In poker, players make bets against each other depending on the value of their poker hand. Bets are usually m ...

Chinese poker

Chinese Poker is a poker variant that came from Asia. It is also called Russian Poker. It is usually played with two to four players, each player is dealt 13 cards, and then needs to create 3 poker hands from his cards. The third hand has 5 cards ...

Draw poker

Draw poker games are mostly played with blinds and positional betting. General Outline of Play First betting round. Blinds or ante. Players discard anywhere between 0 to 5 cards per variant rules. In ante games, betting always begins from player ...

Five card draw

Five card draw is a popular version of the card game poker. It is generally considered one of the easiest to play and learn, so it is good for newer poker players.

Omaha holdem

Omaha Hold Em is a poker game, similar to Texas Hold Em. In Omaha, each player is given four cards. Then there is a round of betting. Then three community cards are placed on the table. Another round of betting is after that. Then a fourth commun ...

Stud poker

Stud poker is a variation of poker where players are typically dealt a total of five or seven cards, with the best five card poker hand winning. Stud poker has neither community cards nor blinds. Instead, each player at the table must ante first, ...

Texas hold em

Before any cards are dealt, two players to the left of the dealer make bets which are called the "Small Blind" and "Big Blind". These forced bets must be at least matched by the other players in order to keep their hands. The big blind is twice a ...

World Series of Poker

WSOP or the World Series of Poker is one among the biggest poker tournaments in the gambling world, which has been organized officially, in 1970. The bracelet of WSOP along with the cash prize of millions of dollars fascinates many players from t ...

Postage stamp

Postage stamps are pieces of paper, with glue or adhesive on the back. They are put on the corner of an envelope to pay the fee for having the postal service take the envelope to where it is being sent. There are a lot of different postage stamps ...

Miniature sheet

A miniature sheet or souvenir sheet is a small group of postage stamps still attached to the sheet on which they were printed. They may be either regular issues that just happen to be printed in small groups, or special issues often commemorating ...

Semi-postal

A semi-postal stamp or semipostal stamp is a philatelic term for a postage stamp issued to raising money for some purpose, usually for charity. Semi-postals have an additional monetary value, devoted to that specific non-postal, charitable purpos ...

Twelve Penny Black

In 1851, the Province of Canada issued the stamps of Queen Victoria. For the stamp image, the Queens portrait by Alfred Edward Chalon 1780–1860 was used. This design is called the Chalon head. The stamps were printed in New York. In fine and unus ...

Shu-bi-dua

Shu bi dua or Shu-bi-dua is a Danish pop group that was formed in 1973 in Copenhagen. Shu-bi-dua changed their lineup many times, however their lead singer Michael Bundesen was with the band throughout, except for the gap between 1984 and 1987. T ...

Busbee

Michael James Ryan, known professionally as busbee, was an American songwriter, record producer, publisher, record label executive and multi-instrumentalist.

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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