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Anshun bus crash

On 7 July 2020 at 12:17 p.m. in Xixiu District of Anshun, Guizhou, in southwest China, a local bus made a 90-degree turn and crashed into the Hongshan Reservoir. As a result of the crash, at least 21 people died and 16 were injured. The event gen ...

Han dynasty

The Han dynasty came to power in 202 B.C. They followed the philosophies of Confucianism and legalism. This was called the Han synthesis. Under this dynasty, China made progress in arts and science. The empire also became larger and larger. China ...

Liao dynasty

The Liao dynasty also called Khitan empire, the was an empire in Asia. It was formed by the Yelu clan of the Khitan people after the fall of the Tang Dynasty. They ruled from 907 AD to about 1125. The first ruler was Yelu Abaoji, Khan of the step ...

Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty ruled in China from 221 BC to 206 BC. It was created by the warlord Qin Shi Huang during the Warring States Period and defeated several other states in the area to unite China. The Qin ruled China for only a very short time, durin ...

Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty was a dynasty of rulers of China from 1644 to 1912. The dynasty was founded by the Manchus and so its other name is the Manchu dynasty. The surname of the Qing emperors was Aisin Gioro.

Zhou Dynasty

The Zhou Dynasty defeated the Shang Dynasty using the mandate of heaven and said they where immortal at about 1046 BC, and came to power. They changed the capital from Henan to a place near present-day Xian, near the Yellow River. The Zhou Dynast ...

Empress Dowager Cixi

Empress Dowager Cixi, often known in China as the West Dowager Empress was from the Manchu Yehe Nara Clan. Cixi was a powerful and charismatic figure who became the de facto ruler of the Manchu Qing Dynasty and ruled over China for 47 years from ...

Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China. He was born Ying Zheng 嬴政 or Zhao Zheng 趙政, a prince of the state of Qin. He became the King Zheng of Qin 秦王政 when he was thirteen, then Chinas ...

Yongle Emperor

The Yongle Emperor, known in China as Zhu Di, was the 3rd emperor of the Ming part of Chinas history. He was the emperor of China from 1402 to 1424. He is important because he moved Chinas capital to Beijing, built its Forbidden City, and sent Zh ...

Huo Qubing

Huo Qubing was a Chinese general of the Han Dynasty under Emperor Wu. He was very good at shooting with his bow on a horse. When he was 18, he was ordered to attack the Xiongnu with 800 cavalry. Finally, his troops killed about 2.000 enemies and ...

Cao Cao

Cao was a Chinese general. He managed to control the last Han Emperor Xian and conquered the whole northern China. Cao gathered an army in 184 to fight against the Yellow Scarves rebellion. After the Dong Zhuo had seized the Emperor Liu Bian in 1 ...

Dong Zhuo

Dong Zhuo was a reckless general in ancient China. He took control over the imperial court of Han in 189. He was later killed by his own foster son, Lu Bu. Dong Zhuo had been a successful warrior and general since his youth. Anyway, he was defeat ...

Tanggu Truce

The Tanggu Truce, sometimes called the Tangku Truce) was a ceasefire signed between China and Empire of Japan in Tanggu District, Tianjin on May 31, 1933, formally ending the Japanese invasion of Manchuria which had begun two years earlier.

Saxe-Eisenach

Saxe-Eisenach was the name of three different Ernestine duchies that existed at different times in Thuringia. The chief town and capital of all three duchies was Eisenach.

Duchy of Lorraine

The Duchy of Lorraine was a former monarchy independent from France but situated in mainland France. It was also a State of the Holy Roman Empire. The duchy was later given to a dethroned King of Poland and was dissolved in 1766. Historically the ...

Monkwearmouth–Jarrow Abbey

Monkwearmouth–Jarrow was a combination of two English monasteries run as a single community. Both were founded by Benedict Biscop. Monkwearmouth, built first, was a magnificent example of the Roman style of architecture. It housed one of the firs ...

First French Empire

The First French Empire, also known as the Greater French Empire or Napoleonic Empire, was the empire of Napoleon I of France. It was the main power of most of continental Europe during the early 19th century. Napoleon became Emperor of the Frenc ...

Kingdom of Iceland

The Kingdom of Iceland was a constitutional monarchy that had a personal union with Denmark. The kingdom was created on 1 December 1918. It lasted until 17 June 1944 when a national referendum created the Republic of Iceland. The Act of Union, si ...

Kingdom of Lindsey

The Kingdom of Lindsey was in approximately what is now Lincolnshire. At the time of the Roman conquest of Britain, it was a part of the territory of the Corieltauvi tribe. Lindsey appears in the 7th century list called the Tribal Hidage, where i ...

Charter 77

Charter 77 was an informal civic initiative in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic from 1976 to 1992. It is named after the document Charter 77 from January 1977. The founding members and architects were Jiei Nemec, Vaclav Benda, Ladislav Hejdane ...

Czechoslovak government-in-exile

The Czechoslovak government-in-exile was an informal name given to the Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee, first by British diplomatic recognition. The name was used by other World War II Allies as they followed the British in recognizing ...

Czechoslovakia at the Olympics

Czechoslovakia in the Olympics is a history which includes 32 games in 20 countries and 2.000+ athletes. Since 1920, Nicaragua has contributed to the growth of the "Olympic Movement". The International Olympic Committees official abbreviation for ...

Archbishopric of Salzburg

The Archbishopric of Salzburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire Archbishop of Salzburg as a Prince-Bishop. This means the archbishop had his ecclesiatical powers and also the powers of an he Archbishopric was about the same size as the modern ...

Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

The Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a duchy in northern Germany, it was about the same as the modern rural district of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The duchy also had three exclaves near the town of Furstenberg and the area around Ratzeburg in modern ...

Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld was one of the Ernestine duchies. Ernest, who became elector of Saxony in 1464, divided his territory between his sons, andover the years more and more small duchies existed. Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld was reformed on ...

Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg was a country in what is today Thuringia, Germany. It was formed in 1672 when Frederick Wilhelm III, the last duke of Saxe-Altenburg died and Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha who had married Frederick Wilhelms cousin, Elisabeth S ...

Saxe-Meiningen

The Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen was one of the Ernestine duchies. The dukes were never very important in forming the history of Europe, and unlike their relative in the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha never set out to form a long lasting dynasty. Like ...

Saxe-Weimar

Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha were the two original Ernestine Duchies. They both gradually shrank in size as land in Thuringia was divided among sons. In 1741 Duke Ernest Augustus I of Saxe-Weimar inheritated the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach. Ernest Augus ...

Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was created in 1809 when the Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach were formally joined into one state. The two duchies had shared the same ruler since 1741, which is when the Saxe-Eisenach line had ...

Leonese language

Leonese language is the language of Leon and Zamora, both in Spain, and Bragança, in Portugal. A Romance language, Leonese was the language of the Kingdom of Leon in the Middle Ages. Leonese is recognised by the UN as "seriously endangered" and i ...

Leonese Language Day

Leonese Language Day is a celebration of the Leonese language. This celebration was started in the city of Llion, province of Llion, Spain. It was the result of a protocol signed between Leonese Provincial Government and the Cultural Association ...

Celtic Christianity

Celtic Christianity refers to the early Medieval Christian practice that came about in 4th century Ireland. Before Christianity they practiced a religion as complex as the Romans with many gods. It grew during the 5th and 6th centuries one of the ...

East-West Schism

The East-West Schism describes how Christianity developed into two big branches in the Middle Ages. The Western part later became the Roman Catholic Church. The Eastern part is known as the Eastern Orthodox Church. During the centuries views on p ...

Knights Templar

The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, commonly known as the Knights Templar or the Order of the Temple, were among the most famous military orders of Western Christianity. The organization lasted for two centuries in th ...

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons. The annals were initially created late in the 9th century, probably in Wessex, during the reign of Alfred the Great. Multiple manuscri ...

Carmina Burana

Carmina Burana is the name given to a collection of texts from the 11th and 12th century. There are over 240 texts in the collection, most of them written in Latin, some in Middle High German. Most of the texts are moral or satirical in nature. T ...

Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri, known simply as Dante, was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages / Early Renaissance. His central work, the Commedia, is considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world lit ...

Geoffrey Chaucer

Geoffrey Chaucer was an English writer, poet, and philosopher. He is most famous for writing Canterbury Tales which had 24 stories but was not completed. He was one of the first writers to write in English. He wrote in Middle English.

Petrarch

Francesco Petrarca, known in English as Petrarch, was an Italian scholar, poet, and one of the earliest Renaissance humanists. Petrarch is often called the "father of humanism". Based on Petrarchs works, and to a lesser extent those of Dante Alig ...

Albania

Albania al- BAY -nee-ə, Albanian: Shqiperi), officially called the Republic of Albania is an independent republic in Southeastern Europe, with an area of 28.748 square kilometres. The capital is Tirana, and other important cities are Durres, Elba ...

Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a country in south-eastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bulgaria is the south of the River Danube and west of the Black Sea. To the south of Bulgaria is European Turkey, Greece, and North Macedonia. To the north of the Danube is R ...

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic) is a country in Central Europe. As of 2 May 2016 the official short name of the country is Czechia. The capital and the biggest city is Prague. The currency is the Czech Crown. €1 is about 25 CZK. The president of Czechia is M ...

Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. The countrys full name is sometimes shortened to the FRG. To the north of Germany are the North and Baltic Seas, and the kingdom of Denmark. To the east of Germa ...

Greece

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in Southeastern Europe. Its capital city is Athens. It borders Albania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea is to the East and South of mainland ...

Hungary

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Its capital city is Budapest. Hungary is slightly bigger than its western neighbour Austria and has about 10 million inhabitants. Other countries that border Hungary are Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, ...

Italy

Italy is a country in south Europe and a member of the European Union. Its official name is Repubblica Italiana. The Italian flag is green, white and red. Italy is a democratic republic and is a founding member of the European Union. Its Presiden ...

Latvia

Latvia is a country in Northern Europe. The capital is Riga. It is one of the Baltic States, together with Estonia in the north and Lithuania in the south. Latvias neighbours to the east are the countries Russia and Belarus. Latvia is split into ...

Lithuania

Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, NATO, and several other organizations. About 3.000.000 people live in the country. The official language is Lithuanian ...

North Macedonia

North Macedonia officially the Republic of North Macedonia is a country located on the Balkan peninsula and in Southeastern Europe. North Macedonia borders Serbia to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east. T ...

Poland

Poland is a country in Central Europe. Its official name is Republic of Poland. It is on the east of Germany. The Czech Republic and Slovakia are to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and the Russian exclav ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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