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1634

September 5 and September 6 – Battle of Nordlingen 1634 results in Catholic victory. March 25 – The first settlers arrive in St. Marys City, Maryland led by Lord Baltimore, the fourth permanent settlement in British North America. February 24-25 ...

1637

February 15 – Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor. Rene Descartes – Discours de la Methode. England wages war against the Mashantucket Pequots. December 17 – Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan. February 3 – Tulip mania collapses in the Unit ...

1639

March 13 – Harvard University is named for a clergyman named John Harvard. November 24 – Jeremiah Horrocks observes the transit of Venus. January 23 – Francisco Maldonado de Silva, Peruvian Jewish poet, executed by burning at the stake. Montreal ...

1641

The Norwegian city of Kristiansand was founded by King Christian IV. Moses Amyrauts De lelevation de la foy et de labaissement de la raison en la creance des mysteres de la religion is published. Claudio Monteverdis opera Il ritorno dUlisse in pa ...

1643

July 13 – English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down – In England, Lord Henry Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, wins a crushing victory over the Parliamentarian Sir William Waller. Emperor Go-Komyo ascends to the throne o ...

1644

June 6 – The invading Manchu army, with the help of Ming general Wu Sangui, captures Beijing, China. This marks the beginning of the Qing Dynasty also known as the Manchu Dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of China. September 15 – Pope Innocent X ...

1645

January 14 – English Civil War: Fairfax appointed Commander-in-Chief. February 29 – English Civil War: Uxbridge armistice talks failed. February 2 – Covenanters defeated by Montrose at the Battle of Inverlochy. January 10 – Archbishop of Canterbu ...

1647

April 3 – In England, letter from the Agitators of the New Model Army, protesting delay of pay, is read in the House of Commons. Johann von Werth tried to take his troops over the Austrian border, but they refused. August – Peter Stuyvesant appoi ...

1649

January 30 – King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. His widow Henrietta Maria resides in her native France. January 30 – Prince Charles Stuart declares himself King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. At the time al ...

1652

May 29 – First Anglo-Dutch War opening battle fought off Dover between Lt Admiral Maarten Harpertszoon Tromps 42 Dutch ships and 21 English ships divided into two squadrons, one commanded by Robert Blake and the other by Nehemiah Bourne. May 18 – ...

1654

October 31 – Ferdinand Maria, elector of Bavaria is crowned. His absolutistic style of leadership becomes a benchmark for the rest of Germany. September 3 – In the Rump Parliament, the republican party questions Cromwells pre-eminence. Twenty-thr ...

1655

The Bibliotheca Thysiana is erected, the only surviving 17th century example in the Netherlands of a building that was designed as a library. New Sweden Delaware attacked and captured by Dutch forces. March 25 – Saturns largest moon, Titan, is di ...

1658

January 13 – Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London. Portuguese traders are expelled from Ceylon by Dutch invaders. The peace between Sweden and Denmark was concluded in Roskilde with Treaty of Roskilde. Ma ...

1660

Sweden recovers its southern provinces from Denmark. February 2 – George Monck and his regiment arrive in London. May 23 – King Charles II of England reaches the shores of his Kingdom. On May 29 he arrives in London and assumes the throne, markin ...

1661

April 23 – King Charles II of England, Scotland, Ireland crowned in Westminster Abbey. This his second crowning. December 30 – Drottningholm Castle in Stockholm is destroyed by fire. August 6 – Portugal and the Dutch Republic sign the treaty of T ...

1667

June 20 – Dutch troops attack Royal Navy ships in London and Chatham and burn them. French army uses grenadiers. Robert Hooke demonstrates that the alteration of the blood in the lungs is essential for respiration. The Mogul Emperor Aurangzeb buy ...

1668

First performance of Molieres comedy, Tartuffe. The British East India Company takes over Bombay. Bishop Issac Barrow founds a trust to establish a university on the Isle of Man. King Williams College. February 13 Lisbon – Peace Treaty between Af ...

Adriaen Coorte

Adriaen Coorte was a Dutch painter. He mainly painted still life. He signed works between 1683 and 1707. Most of his paintings are small. His style is typical of Dutch 17th century still life painting. Other Dutch painters who lived at the same t ...

1672

June 28 – William III of Orange appointed Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht. England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is known as ´het rampjaar´ the disaster year in the Netherlands. June 12 ...

1676

King Philips War 1675 - 1676 ended. January 19 - Feodor III become Tsar of Russia. Port-de-Paix, Haiti has its first slave revolt. The Polish-Turkish War 1671 - 1676 ended.

1679

Habeas Corpus Act 1679 passed in England. January 24 – King Charles II of England disbands Parliament. December 24 – Domenico Sarro, a composer from Italy, was born. August 7 – The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by Rene Robert Cave ...

1680

First Portuguese governor is appointed to Macau. The Swedish city Karlskrona founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocates there. Chambers of Reunion French courts under Louis XIV: decide on complete annexation of Alsace.

1681

The last dodo bird is killed. France annexes the city of Strasbourg. Collections are made in England for needy French refugees.

1682

The Richard Wall House is built in Pennsylvania. The first black slaves arrive in Germany.

1683

December – The River Thames freezes, allowing a frost fair to be held. June 6 – The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. June 12 – The Rye House Plot to assassinate Charles II of England is discovered. July 16 and July 17 ...

1684

England has its coldest winter in living memory, the River Thames and the sea as far as 2 miles out from land freezes over. The Chipperfields Circus dynasty begins when James Chipperfield introduces performing animals to England at the River Tham ...

Royal Hospital Kilmainham

The Royal Hospital Kilmainham is a 17th-century building in Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland. It was built to be a home for retired soldiers. It was used as a home for over 250 years. The hospital was built between 1680 and 1684 by architect Sir Willi ...

1685

On a trading expedition to the Mississippi, explorer Michel Mathieu Brunet dit Lestang discovers La Baie des Puants present-day Green Bay, Wisc. The Chinese army of the Qing Dynasty attacks a Russian post at Albazin, during the reigns of the Kang ...

1686

Russia, Saxony, Brandenburg and Bavaria join the Holy League against the Ottoman Turkish Empire. A hurricane saves Charleston, South Carolina, from attack by Spanish vessels. The League of Augsburg is founded. A group of conspirators met at Charb ...

1687

Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Mehmed IV 1648-1687 to Suleiman II 1687-1691.

1688

Neuruppin becomes a Prussian garrison town. Austria occupies Belgrade. Fire destroys Bungay in England. Ottoman Turks besiege Vienna. The Austrians incite a rebellion against the Ottomans in Bulgaria. Antonio Verrio begins work on the Heaven Room ...

1689

May 24 – The Act of Toleration passes the English Parliament protecting Protestants Roman Catholics are intentionally excluded. April 11 – The Estates of Scotland declare King James VII of Scotland deposed. August 27 – China and Russia signed the ...

1690

July 1 – The Battle of the Boyne, in Ireland. January 6 – Joseph, son of Emperor Leopold I becomes King of the Romans. May 20 – England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II. January 14 – The clarinet is invented in Nuremberg, Germ ...

1691

March 29 – Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender. October 3 – Treaty of Limerick which guaranteed civil rights to Catholics was signed. it was broken "before the ink was dry". May 6 – Spanish inquisition condemns and forcibly baptizes 219 Je ...

1692

September 8 – An earthquake in Brabant of scale 5.8 is felt across the Low Countries, Germany and England. September 14 – Diego de Vargas leads Spanish colonists in retaking the city of Santa Fe, New Mexico, after a 12-year exile, following the P ...

1696

Polish replaces Ruthenian as an official language of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Pierre Le Moyne dIberville captured and destroyed St. Johns, Newfoundland. Peter the Great becomes sole tsar of Russia. August 22 – Forces of Venice and Turkish tr ...

1697

September 20 – The Treaty of Ryswick. Peter the Great travels in Europe officially with a false identity as "artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov". Use of palanquins increases in Europe. December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London. The royal castle ...

1698

June 19 – Volcano of Carguarazon erupts in the Andes and causes a rain of fish. August 25 – Peter the Great arrives back to Moscow – general Patrick Gordon has already crushed the streltsy rebellion – 341 rebels sentenced to be decapitated. Tradi ...

1699

March 30 – the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh made the Khalsa. May 1 – Pierre Le Moyne dIberville starts the first European settlement in the Mississippi River Valley. January 26 – Treaty of Karlowitz signed. William Dampier goes to and dis ...

1703

Isaac Newton becomes the chairman of the Royal Society. George Psalmanazar arrives in London. Ahmed III 1703-1730 succeeds Mustafa II 1695-1703 as emperor of the Ottoman Empire. A Tale of a Tub, first major satire by Jonathan Swift, is published.

1707

A fortress is founded on the future site of Ust-Abakanskoye modern Abakan. April 25 – Allied army is defeated by Bourbonic army at Almansa Spain in the War of the Spanish Succession. January 1 – John V is crowned King of Portugal. October 23 – Fi ...

1709

February - In America, Mardi Gras is celebrated one more time with Masque de la Mobile in the capital of French Louisianne, Mobile Alabama, before Mobile is moved 27 miles 43 km down the Mobile River to Mobile Bay in 1711. February 2 - Alexander ...

1710

Beijing becomes the largest city in the world. June – Swiss and Palatine German Protestants under the leadership of Christoph von Graffenried travel to Bath County in the Province of Carolina. The settlers displace the native town of Chattoka and ...

1713

May 25 - John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom d. 1792. October 13 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter d. 1784. September 23 - King Ferdinand VI of Spain d. 1759. November 24 - Junipero Serra, Spanish Franciscan mission ...

1714

August 1 – Richard Wilson, Welsh painter d. 1782. March 8 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer d. 1788. November 13 – William Shenstone, English poet d. 1763. March 27 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian d. 1795 ...

1716

Crieff, Scotland burned to the ground in revenge for the Jacobite defeat at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. August 5 – In the Battle of Peterwardein 40.000 Austrian troops of Prince Eugene of Savoy defeat 150.000 Ottoman Turks under Darnad Ali Pasha. ...

1717

Spain unites its South American colonies as New Grenada. June 24 - The Premier Grand Lodge of England UGLE, a branch of Freemasonry, is started in London. September: The first known Druid revival ceremony is held by John Toland at Primrose Hill, ...

1718

November 22 – Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach best known as "Blackbeard" is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the ...

1721

Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos. September 10 – Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War. November 2 – Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias. Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope. April ...

1725

May 24 – Jonathan Wild, fraudulent "Thief Taker General", is hanged in Tyburn, England for actually aiding criminals. February 8 – Catherine I became empress of Russia. May 21 – The Order of Alexander Nevsky was instituted in Russia by an empress ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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