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Somalia

Somalia, officially called the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in Africa. It used to be known as the Somali Republic. It is shaped like the number seven. It is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest ...

South Sudan

South Sudan is a country in Africa. Its official name is the Republic of South Sudan. It used to be a part of Sudan. A civil war began in 2013. The landlocked country is bordered by Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the sout ...

Sudan

Sudan borders by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. Sudan has a sea to the nor ...

Tanzania

Tanzania is a country in East Africa. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. It is next to Africas biggest lake Victoria. In 2017, there were about 54.000.000 people living in Tanzania. They are divided into 120 tribes, none have more ...

Togo

Togo is a small country in West Africa. It is bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. The capital city Lome is located along the Gulf of Guinea. In 2016, about 7.5 million people lived there. The official l ...

Uganda

The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in east Africa. Its capital and biggest city is Kampala. The currency is the Ugandan Shilling. The official languages of Uganda are English and Swahili. The most common religion is Christianity. The ...

Yemen

The Republic of Yemen or Yemen is a nation in the Middle East. It is the old North Yemen and South Yemen, in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders Saudi Arabia and Oman on the north and the east. To the south is the Guardafui Channel and ...

Zambia

The Republic of Zambia is a country in southern Africa. It shares its borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and An ...

Aboriginal land rights in Australia

Aboriginal land rights in Australia are the special set of rights given to Indigenous Australians to own land. There are many different types of land rights laws. They all allow the government to grant land to indigenous Australians under many di ...

Bootleg recording

A bootleg recording is an audio or video recording of a performance or song by an artist which was not officially released by the artist. The process of distributing or making such recordings is called bootlegging. Recordings may be copied and tr ...

Copyright infringement

Copyright infringement is the use of material which is covered by copyright law, in a way that violates one of the original copyright owners "exclusive rights", such as the right to reproduce or perform the copyrighted work, or to make derivative ...

Usury

Usury is lending money for interest. Nowadays it usually means lending at a high, often extortionate rate of interest on a loan. Usury is illegal in many parts of the world. In muslim countries charging any interest at all is strictly illegal. So ...

Vandalism

Vandalism is a crime that is done by destroying or damaging the property of someone else. This can include graffiti and website damage. A person that does this is called a vandal. The name comes from the Vandals, a tribe that attacked and damaged ...

Human Development Index

The Human Development Index is a number from 0 to 1 used to compare different countries. It is published by United Nations Development Programme. It is used to rank countries into different groups for example developed and developing countries. T ...

United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme is the United Nations global development network. The UNDP is an executive board within the United Nations General Assembly. The UNDP Administrator is the third highest ranking member of the United Nations ...

Spice trade

People have been using spices for thousands of years. Often they wanted ones that didnt grow near them, so they got them from far away. One of the biggest spice routes was a route between Asia and Europe. Only a few spices grew in Europe, so the ...

Controversy

A controversy is a prolonged public dispute or debate, with people having different opinions. There may be several groups of people who have different opinions and who cannot agree. Examples for controversial topics are the question of whether ab ...

Essjay controversy

The Essjay controversy is about a well known Wikipedia administrator and salaried Wikia worker, Essjay, who later said he was Ryan Jordan. In February 2007, Essjay was discovered to have made false claims about his school certificates and job exp ...

Schism (religion)

The word schism, from the Greek σχίσμα, skhisma, means a division or a split, usually in an organization or a movement. A schismatic is a person who creates schism in an organization or who is a member of a splinter group. Schismatic as an adject ...

Darfur conflict bibliography

This is the bibliography and reference section for the Darfur conflict series. Other websites to reports, news articles and other sources of information may also be found below.

Justice and Equality Movement

The Justice and Equality Movement is a rebel group involved in the Darfur conflict of Sudan. It is led by Khalil Ibrahim. Together with other rebel groups such as the Sudan Liberation Army, they are fighting against the government-supported Janja ...

Anti-Armenianism

Anti-Armenianism is hostility toward or prejudice against Armenian people, Armenian culture and the Republic of Armenia, which can range in expression from individual hatred to institutionalized persecution. Several organizations have stated that ...

Assyrian genocide

The Assyrian genocide was a genocide by the Ottoman Empire in which over 300.000 Assyrians were killed during raids. The Assyrians call it the Sayfo, the Aramaic word for "sword". Many Assyrians were considered unpure by the Turks and were massac ...

I Love It

I Love It is a song by Swedish DJ duo Icona Pop featuring vocals from British recording artist Charli XCX. It was released in May 2012 as a digital download in Sweden, where it peaked at number two on the singles chart. The song was added to thei ...

Political prisoner

In October 2012, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe PACE passed a resolution to define "political prisoner". A person in prison is a "political prisoner: If, because of political reasons, the length or conditions of imprisonment ...

LGBT rights

Rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people vary greatly in different countries and places. In some places same-sex marriage is legal, but in others homosexuals may be punished by death. As of 2019 same-sex marriage is legal i ...

Gay pride

Gay pride, or LGBT pride, is a positive stand against hatred, discrimination or violence toward lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. Gay pride builds trust and rights. It promotes the LGBT as a group. It also honors sexual orientation o ...

Sodomy laws in the United States

Sodomy laws in the United States were laws that made certain kinds of sexual activity illegal. In the past, there were federal laws against sodomy. Every state also had a sodomy law, even in the 20th century. Starting in the 1960s, some states be ...

Aswat

Aswat is a Palestinian group for lesbian rights. Rauda Morcos is the co-founder. Aswat means "voices" in the Arabic language. The group started in 2001.

Mauritanian Association for Human Rights

The Mauritanian Association for Human Rights or Association Mauritanienne des Droits de lHomme is a Mauritanian NGO. The organization started in 1991. It works for human rights and watches for human rights violations. Fatimata M’baye is the co-fo ...

Mukto-Mona

Mukto-Mona is the first online platform for Bengali speaking freethinkers, atheists, and secular bloggers and writers, started by Avijit Roy. The meaning of Mukto-Mona is "free mind". The website supports free expression and criticizes religious ...

People In Need

People in Need is a Czech organization that does relief work and creates development projects around the world. It works in regions that are in crisis. At the same time, it supports human rights and democratic freedom. PIN is a nonprofit and non- ...

UN Watch

UN Watch is a non-governmental organization from Geneva, Switzerland. It watches for the work of the United Nations. It has a place to watch in the UN Economic and Social Council and the UN Department of Public Information. UN Watch has been figh ...

Viasna Human Rights Centre

The Viasna Human Rights Centre is a human rights organization from Minsk, Belarus. The organization does help political prisoners and their families. Ales Bialatski made it in 1996 as a result of the large-scale repression of demonstrations by th ...

Environmental migration

Environmental migration is a form of migration which happens because the environment changes where people live. These changes can be sudden, or they can happen over longer periods of time. An example of changes that occur only slowly are those of ...

Death penalty

Death penalty, also called capital punishment, is when a government or state executes someone, usually but not always because they have committed a serious crime. A crime that can be punished with the death penalty is called a capital crime or a ...

Firing squad

A firing squad is a group of people with guns who shoot and kill a criminal who has been sentenced to death penalty. The person being shot is often blindfolded. This method of execution has often been used in the military for crimes such as deser ...

Hanged, drawn and quartered

To be hanged, drawn and quartered was a punishment in England used for men found guilty of treason. The full punishment was made up of the following - the victim was: Hanged by the neck for a short time or until almost dead hanged. Dragged, usual ...

Lethal injection

Lethal injection is injecting a person with poison, usually a fatal dose of drugs so that person will die. This is usually done as capital punishment. It is the main way to execute prisoners in the United States. The idea of lethal injection was ...

Prison

A prison or jail is a building where people are forced to live if their freedom has been taken away. The main use for prisons is as a punishment for breaking the law. Those who break the law and are convicted in court can receive a prison sentenc ...

Isolation centers (Belarus)

Isolation centers in Belarus are prisons where people are held in camera or with no one to turn to for some time. The Belarusian "isolation centers" became very known as part of the 2020 Belarusian protests after 2020 Belarusian presidential elec ...

Qincheng Prison

Qincheng Prison is a maximum-security prison in the Changping District northwest of Beijing in the Peoples Republic of China. The prison was built in 1958 with aid from the Soviet Union and it is the only prison belonging to the Ministry of Publi ...

2007 Formula One espionage controversy

The 2007 Formula One espionage controversy, also known as "Spygate," or "Stepneygate" involves claim that the teams passed confidential technical information. It was claimed that McLaren Formula One had information from the Ferrari team. Then it ...

Black operation

A black operation is a covert operation which is done by a government or military. Black operations are secret and whoever does them does not admit that they ever happened. There are differences between black operations and ones which are just se ...

Code name

A code name is a secret name used to refer to a name, word, project or person. Spies are often referred to by their code name to make discovery more difficult. Code names may also be used in industrial espionage to protect secrets from business r ...

Mole (espionage)

In espionage jargon a mole is a long-term spy. The spy is recruited before having access to secret intelligence. Later, if he gets into the target organization, he or she becomes active. However, it is popularly used to mean any long-term clandes ...

Federal Security Service

The FSB is an organisation in Russia that takes care of security of the country. It is the organisation that came after the KGB, relating to internal affairs inside the country. It is usually simply called the FSB in English-language sources. Its ...

National Security Agency

The National Security Agency is a part of the United States government. It was started in 1952, and the main office is in Maryland, USA. Their stated goal is to protect the US people. They do this by NSA also protects the U.S. from eavesdropping ...

Black Lives Matter

Black Lives Matter is an international activist group. They originated in the African-American community. They are against violence and systemic racism by white police officers towards black people.

Employment Non-Discrimination Act

The Employment Non-Discrimination Act is a proposed U.S. law in the U.S. Congress. If voted into law, it would stop an employer from firing an employee because he or she is gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender. The law would not apply to churche ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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