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Brythonic languages

The Brythonic languages are a language family of the Celtic languages. They are spoken in Brittany, Wales and Cornwall. While going extinct in the rest of the British Isles, the regions include: Cumbria and Scotland, while still debated, Common B ...

Insular Celtic languages

Insular Celtic languages are the six Celtic languages that originated in the British Isles. All surviving Celtic languages are from the Insular Celtic group, the Continental Celtic languages are now extinct. The six Insular Celtic languages of mo ...

American and British English spelling differences

American English and British English spell some words differently. One difference is that some words that have er at the end in the US have re at the end in the UK. Some examples of this are: Theater and theatre. Center and centre. Another differ ...

Anglicisation

Anglicisation or anglicization is the act of changing of spoken or written elements of another language into a form that can more easily be understood by an English speaker. For instance, the Italian name of the city of Rome, the capital of Italy ...

British Sign Language

British Sign Language is the sign language of the British deaf (3.525.000. The language makes use of space and involves movement of the hands, body, face and head.

Cornish dialect

A long time ago, people in Cornwall spoke the Cornish language. This is a language similar to Welsh and Breton. After a while, people speaking English came into Cornwall, and the Cornish people started to learn English. They didnt speak in exactl ...

E Prime

E Prime is a way of speaking English without using the verb "to be" in any way. Instead, an E Prime speaker or writer uses different verbs like "to become," "to remain," and "to equal" or they might choose to rearrange the sentence to show that t ...

Early Modern English

Early Modern English is the period of the English language when both the written and the spoken English language begins to be familiar to English speakers today, or speakers of Late Modern English. That is the period in which William Shakespeare ...

English alphabet

The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet of 26 letters – exactly the same letters that are found in the ISO basic Latin alphabet: The exact shape of printed letters changes depending on the typeface and font. The shape of handwritten lette ...

English as a second language

English as a second language is a common phrase which has related acronyms, including EAL, which means E nglish as an A dditional L anguage". This is rarely used. ELF, which means E nglish as a L ingua F ranca", a term relating to Globalization. ...

English-speaking world

Over two billion people speak English. It is the largest language by number of speakers. It is the third largest language by number of native speakers. What this mean is, English is the most widely spoken second language.

Globish

Globish is an attempt at creating a subset of the English language for use as the international language for commerce. It has 1500 words, simple grammar rules, no humor, and no Anglo-cultural references. It was inspired by Charles Kay Ogdens BE 8 ...

Oxford spelling

Oxford spelling is the spelling found in the Oxford English Dictionary. One example would be "colour" instead of "color". More exactly, Oxford spelling is the headwords used in their dictionaries. In the full entries other variations are listed. ...

Phrasal verb

Phrasal verb is the name given to an English verb which is composed of two or three words. One verb is combined with a preposition or an adverb. Sometimes a phrasal verb can have a meaning that is very different to the meaning of at least one of ...

Shut up

Shut up is a direct command meaning to "be quiet". However, it is a more forceful command, likely used to tell someone to stop making noise or talking nonsense. It is also a short form of shut your mouth up ". This use is sometimes rude and disre ...

Simple sentence

A simple sentence is a sentence that contains a subject and a predicate. It also must express a complete thought. This follows the rules of syntax in English grammar.

Simplified English

Simplified English is a set of approved words and writing rules. Its makers made it to help engineers write manuals so that people all over the world can read them. Some people think that: It can make computer-helped translation and machine trans ...

Special English

Special English is a simple form of the English language. It is used by a public radio station called Voice of America, run by the United States government in Special English programs every day. Its news and feature programs are read more slowly ...

Specialized English

Specialized English is a controlled version of the English language used for radio broadcasting, easier for non-native speakers of English. It is based on Voice of America Special English. Specialized English was set up initially by Feba Radio in ...

Testing English as a foreign language

This page lists ways of testing English as a foreign language. It is for teachers of English who teach people whose first language is not English. It lists tests with brief descriptions.

Three letter rule

In English, the three letter rule is the observation that content words are three letters long at least. One- and two-letter words are mostly function words. Examples: I, at, he, if, of, or, etc. Therefore, content words almost all have at least ...

Faroese language

Faroese is the Germanic language of the Faroe Islands spoken by about 70.000 people. The language came from Old Norse which was spoken in the Middle Ages. Faroese is the most similar to Icelandic. The alphabet has 29 letters that come from the La ...

Français fondamental

Français fondamental is a simplified version of French language with a goal to teach French to foreigners and the populations of the French Union, while France wanted to improve the spreading of its language in the world. A series of surveys cond ...

French Sign Language

French Sign Language is a sign language for deaf people. It is used in France. There are approximately 3.506.800 people living in France who are deaf. LSF differs from American Sign Language although there are many common signs.

French grammar

French grammar is the rules about how to speak and write the French language. It is similar to the grammar of other Romance languages. French is moderately inflected. This means that some words change their form in different situations.

List of territorial entities where French is an official language

French is an official language in 29 independent nations. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where French is an official or de facto language.

Old French

Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in the northern half of modern France and parts of modern Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300. It was then known as the langue doïl. This was different from the langue doc, whose te ...

Elder Futhark

Elder Futhark is the oldest known runic script. It was used by Germanic tribes during the 2nd to 8th century. It consists of 24 different characters that are used like an alphabet, each character represents a sound or syllable. All Germamic tribe ...

Franconian Dialect

The Franconian Dialect is a dialect, which is spoken in Flanders and French Flanders, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, the western central part of Germany and bordering France.

Old Frisian

Old Frisian was a language spoken between the 13th and 16th century, in the area between the Weser and the Zuiderzee. It is the common ancestor of the Frisian languages, Today, laws and deeds which use Old Frisian remain.

Scottish English

Scottish English, also known as Scottish Standard English or Standard Scottish English, is a dialect of English that is spoken in Scotland. People can tell Scottish English from British English by their accents, grammar, and vocabulary. Scottish ...

Ulster Scots dialects

Ulster Scots, sometimes called Ullans, is a dialect of Lowland Scots that is spoken in some of the northern parts of Ireland, across Ulster. It is closely related to the English language.

Hellenic languages

The Hellenic languages are a branch of languages from the Indo-European language family. The main language is Greek. Many people say that Greek is the only language in the branch. Some people also say that the ancient Macedonian language is part ...

Doric Greek

Doric or Dorian was a Hellenic language. It was a dialect of Ancient Greek. It was spoken in Western Greece and some parts of Southern Italy and Sicily.

Tsakonian language

Tsakonian is a Hellenic language. It is spoken in the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece and comes from Doric Greek. It is similar to Greek, but people speaking the two languages cannot talk to each other. Only a few hundred people are left who spea ...

Italian language

The Italian language is a Romance language spoken in Italy. Other countries that use Italian as their official language are San Marino, Vatican City and Switzerland. Slovenia, and Croatia also use Italian as an official language, but only in some ...

Gallo-Romance languages

The Gallo-Romance are a branch of Romance languages. It includes French and several other languages spoken in modern France and northern Italy and Spain. According to certain linguists, it also includes Occitan and Catalan, others group these two ...

Romance languages

The Romance languages are a language family in the Indo-European languages. They started from Vulgar Latin. The most spoken Romance languages are Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and Romanian. They are called "Romance languages" because they ...

Asturian language

The Asturian language is the native language of Asturias. Between 200.000 and 600.000 people speak it in Asturias. This language is very similar to Leonese Language, spoken in other territories that once made up the Kingdom of Leon, and to Mirand ...

Balkan Romance languages

The Balkan Romance languages are a branch of Eastern Romance languages spoken in the Balkans. There are four languages in the branch, Aromanian, Romanian, Istro-Romanian, and Megleno-Romanian.

Castilian languages

The Castillian languages are a branch of Romance languages. They were first spoken in central Spain, and then spread to nearly all of Spain. The main language in the branch is Spanish, which has around 480 million speakers around the world. Since ...

Dalmatian language

Dalmatian was a Romance language, which was spoken in Dalmatia, on the Eastern Adriatic Sea. The language became extinct in the Middle Ages. In places it was used until the 18th or 19th century. Today, few sources are left. Only the dialect of Ve ...

Eastern Romance languages

The Eastern Romance languages are a branch of Romance languages. They come Southeastern Europe from the local eastern variant of Vulgar Latin. The main language in the branch is Romanian.

Extremaduran language

The Extremaduran language is the native language of Northwestern province of Caceres. About 150.000 people speak it in Extremadura. This language is very similar to Leonese language and Asturian or Bable, spoken in other territories that once mad ...

Galician-Portuguese

Galician-Portuguese is a branch of Romance languages. They were first spoken in Northwestern Iberia and spread to the south. They are now spoken in all of Portugal and Northwestern Spain. The main two languages are Galician and Portuguese. All Ga ...

Gallo language

Gallo is one of the two regional languages of Brittany. It is an Oïl language of the Romance language family, with Latin at the base. Gallo is spoken in the eastern part of Brittany. The other regional language of Brittany is Breton. Breton is a ...

Gallurese dialect

Gallurese is a Romance language spoken in the northeastern part of Sardinia. It is seen as being related to the Corsican language and Sardinian language. The language takes its name from the region of Gallura.

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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